Strom's and Helm's legacy by Armstrong Williams
Senator Strom Thurmond is beloved. Senator Jesse Helms is feared.
For a combined 78 years, the two have dominated southern politics. Now they are retiring, provoking analysis of their legacy, and raising questions about the future of the conservative movement.
Though each is synonymous with southern politics, their differences are pointed. Senator Thurmond was the uber politician, a pop cultural phenomenon who never missed an opportunity to ride the handy wave of public sentiment. When large pluralities of the South Carolina voting populace wished to keep blacks out of their public facilities, Thurmond denounced desegregation with the fist shaking fury of William Jennings Bryan. His 24-hour filibuster on a 1957 civil rights bill still ranks as the longest speech ever on the senate floor.
However, when opposition to segregation ebbed, Thurmond abandoned his separatists' rhetoric and promptly began love bombing his black constituents. In 1983, he voted to make Martin Luther King Jr.'s birthday a national holiday. And in 1987, I watched him single-handedly save the Martin Luther King Jr. Commission.
The latter occurred after I received a phone call from Coretta Scott King in late 1987. Her voice quivered with anger as she explained that the government was considering defunding the Martin Luther King Jr. Commission, which helped preserve her husband's legacy. I arranged a conference call with Senator Thurmond, who was then Chairman of the Senate Judiciary Committee. King pleaded her case. Senator Thurmond listened patiently. When she finished, he simply replied, "I'll call you back in 45 minutes."
An hour later funding for the commission had been doubled.
Later that month, Senator Thurmond, Coretta Scott King and myself all strolled over to President George HW Bush's inauguration. During the ensuing festivities, King sat next to Thurmond. The image summed up an enduring fact of Thurmond's career--the Senator who turns 100 in December never seemed to have outlived his era.
Whereas Thurmond outdistanced and outsmarted every political adversary he came across during his historic run as Senator, Senator Helms simply lowered his head like a battering ram and charged forward. A snarling and supremely obstinate man, Helms earned the nickname "senator No," for his unrelenting opposition to gay rights, the National Endowment for the Arts, AIDS funding and communism. Known more for making his enemies lose, than for his own legislative wins, Helms abandoned any vestiges of senatorial propriety and used his position to bully the opposition and block nominations. He was also instrumental in rallying voters around Ronald Regan and in pushing moral and family values into the political mainstream. Along the way, he endeared himself to the southern voting populace as a straight shooter who never gave an inch on his beliefs. Or, as Senate GOP Leader Trent Lott put it: "[Helms has been the] conscience" of Republicans. "He stood tall for the things that have made America great." Presumably, Lott was referring to Senator Helm's unrelenting support of moral values, not his unrelenting support of racial segregation.
Though they cleared different paths, Senator Thurmond and Senator Helms both ascended in the popular conscience as symbol of southern politics. Each was instrumental in wresting control of the south from democrats. And each was instrumental in embodying the message of social conservatism that animated the Republican Party with meaning for the better part of the past half-century.
Their impending departure raises serious questions about the future direction of the Republican Party, and the place these values will hold in American politics. It is indeed telling that President Bush has said little with regard to their retirement. Perhaps this is the clearest sign that the Republican Party continues to move away from moral and social conservatism of its past, and ever closer to the soft, meaningless center.
Armstrong Williams can be contacted via e-mail at: email@example.com
Thursday, October 31, 2002